FISHERY FOR OUR WIDOWS AND TEEMING YOUTHS
Capitalizing on the water resources of river Niger and its tributaries, fishing has been one of the major economic activities in Yauri emirate. People travel from different parts of Nigeria and other neighboring countries to engage in fish trading and marketing, most especially in smoked dry fish business. Similarly, many Yawurawa (The Native Residents) engaged in packaging Yauri fish for sale in Zaria, Abuja, Nasarawa, Sokoto, other parts of Kebbi etc. In recognition of Yauri stands in fish business, the town was selected in the North West by the Federal Government for the establishment of modern fish market not yet opened. While women are engaged in fish drying/smoking and marketing, the fishing is dominated by men. In order to provide economic opportunities to women and a lesser extent to the youth, Nana has established Nana farm to become a training ground for all categories of agriculture such as; fishery, livestock, poultry, orchard farming
Objective of Nana fishery is to mobilize women and youth into the business and in the process increase their income. It has a milestone of empowering 840 women and young men into fish production, 210 into fish preservation, packaging and marketing by 2029.
Description of the business
Nana farm has constructed 10 fish ponds that have the capacity to accommodate 30000 fish each. Each pond will be managed by three (3) beneficiaries. The beneficiaries are responsible for operating and managing their ponds, while Nana provides capacity building, fish fingers, feeding, technical support and waters. Each set of beneficiaries will enter into agreement with Nana and violation of the agreement on the part of any beneficiary will attract disciplinary action, including dismissal. Nana expects that by 2029, 1060 women and young men would have benefited from the empowerment program. Once the fish has reached table size and sold, some part of the profit will be saved in a dedicated bank account. The set can use the capital to restock the pond with another fish. Each set is allowed a maximum of three rounds, after which they are expected to have made enough savings and expertise to graduate and become self reliance on the business. Graduates are supported to empower others into the business through microfinance loan scheme facilitated by Nana. Other components of the project include capacity building on fish production, processing, packaging and marketing, financial literacy and management, and savings. Technical experts are invited to train the beneficiaries on new and innovative approach to fish farming.
Seventy percent (70%) of the beneficiaries are women and thirty percent are young men. The beneficiaries are selected based on the following criteria.
All beneficiaries must be residing in Yauri, must be between the age of 18—55.
Must not have any criminal record.
Must fill the form and agree with all the terms and conditions that are stated and must have the form signed by the district head of his or her locality.
Management structure and system
The fishery will be managed by a management committee chaired by the Yauri Emirate Nana Coordinator. Representative of each pond (in a rotational way), two representative of Nana economic empowerment committee, fish expert are members of the committee. The committee is expected to be meeting monthly during which each pond will submit a report on the status and condition of its pond for discussion and technical support. The management committee has the following roles and responsibilities:
Operation and running of the fish farm such as feeding, monitoring the growth of the fish, cleaning of ponds and health of the fish to minimize mortality
Submit required inputs like feeds every month
Submit monthly brief report to the chair of Nana Farm Board
Advise Nana Farm Board on disciplinary related matters
Ensure profitability of the business
The management committee report’s to the Board of Nana Farm. The Membership of the board of Nana Farm in Yauri include Fatima L Adamu (Nana chair), Aliyu Adamu, Shehu Idris, Sahabi Danjuma, WalinYauri, Alkasim Adamu, Saadiya Adamu, and Muhammed Adamu.
The board meets every quarter and the board is responsible for:
Providing oversight of the farm to maximize profit and minimize risk,
Make fund available to finance the project
Approve management committee requests
Undertake discipline related decisions and action
Ensure transparency and accountability in the execution of the project
Ensure all beneficiaries receive their share of profit in a fair and just manner
Support the management in addressing all reported and unreported challenges
The farm is the personal property of the Chair of Nana. An agreement is reached to lease some part of the farm to Nana until Nana has enough funds to purchase its farm. In view of this, the following profit sharing arrangement was agreed. Once the fish is sold, the capital will be reinvested for another round. The profit will be shared in this way, 70% of the profit will go to the beneficiaries, 20% to Nana and 10% to the farm owner. Out of 70% share of the beneficiaries, 30% will be saved in a dedicated bank account and the remaining 40% will be shared among the beneficiaries as their earning. The sharing of the beneficiaries’ earning is made on monthly basis or in bulk as they might wish.
Monitoring and documentation
As earlier stated, everyday monitoring and documentation of the farm activities is the responsibility of the beneficiaries and the management committee. In addition, a simple monitoring system to monitor and document the characteristics of the beneficiaries, profitability, savings, processing, packaging and marketing experiences, change in income, expertise, challenges is developed. Annual report is always produced and disseminated.